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About Hangzhou

Hangzhou is the capital and largest city of Zhejiang Province in Eastern China. It is the centre of the Hangzhou Metropolitan Area, which is the fourth-largest metropolitan area nationally. The city is governed as a sub-provincial city. Hangzhou has a position on the Hangzhou Bay 180 kilometres southwest of Shanghai that gives it economic power. The city has been one of the most renowned and prosperous cities of China for the last 1,000 years. In part due to its beautiful natural scenery. Hangzhou’s economy has rapidly developed since its opening-up in 1992. It is an industrial city with many diverse sectors, such as light industry, agriculture, and textile. The city is considered an important manufacturing base and logistics hub for coastal China.

Hangzhou is renowned for its historic relics and natural beauty; it is known as one of the most beautiful cities in China, also ranking as one of the most scenic cities. Despite the many recent urban developments, it still retains its historical and cultural heritage. Today, tourism remains an important factor for its economy. Tea is an important part of the local economy and culture. 

Hangzhou’s climate is humid subtropical with four distinctive seasons, characterized by long and humid summers and chilly and drier winters (with occasional snow). The mean annual temperature is 16.48C with extremes ranging from -10.5 to 42.1C. The city receives an average annual rainfall of 1,450 millimetres and is affected by the plum rains of the monsoons in June. 

Interesting facts

  • Toshiba has its only overseas production plant here
  • In 2004, 2005 and 2006, Forbes Magazine ranked Hangzhou the number 1 city for business in China
  • Trains leaving Hangzhou reach more than 20 cities directly (including Beijing, Shanghai and Xi’an)

Top three activities

  • Visit West Lake, the city’s best-known attraction. It is UNESCO World Heritage.
  • Take a bicycle tour around or a boat trip on the West Lake.
  • The Lingyin Temple is one of the largest and wealthiest Buddhist temples in China, and contains numerous pagodas and Buddhist grottoes.

Facts about Hangzhou

Population      6,400,000
Size (km²)3,372
Life expectancy80,3 years
GDP per capita$15,467

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