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About Wuhan

Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province and the most populous city in Central China. The city is one of the most ancient and civilized metropolitan cities in China (e.g. more ancient than Beijing, Ci’an and Nanjing). Established out of the conglomeration of three cities (Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang, hence the name ‘Wuhan’, combining ‘Wu’ from the first and ‘Han’ from the other two cities), Wuhan is known as the “nine provinces’ leading thoroughfare”; it is a major transportation hub, with numerous railways, roads and expressways passing through. Moreover, it is recognized as the political, economic, financial, cultural, educational and transportation centre of Central China. Its major industries include optic-electronic, automobile manufacturing, steel manufacturing, new pharmaceutical sector, biology engineering, new materials industry and environmental protection. The city ranks third – after Beijing and Shanghai – in scientific and education strength. It had the largest number of enrolled college students in the world in 2011 and the city has 85 higher education institutes. Wuhan is the birthplace of the ancient Chu Culture. Han opera, which is Wuhan-area’s local opera, is one of China’s oldest and most popular operas. 

Wuhan’s climate is humid subtropical with abundant rainfall and four distinctive seasons. The city is known for its hot and humid summers. Because of this, Wuhan is commonly known as one of the Three Furnaces of China, along with Nanjing and Chongqing. Spring and autumn are generally mild, while winter is cool with occasional snow. Extreme temperatures have ranged from -18.1C to 42.0C. 

Interesting facts

  • Wuhan is a sister city of Arnhem (NL)
  • Wuhan is rich in culture and history; its historic relics date back 3,500 years.
  • Wuhan’s population includes as many as fifty nationalities

Top three activities

  • Wuhan has the largest lake (33 km2) – the East Lake - within a city in China. During spring, the shores become a garden of flowers.
  • The Hubei Provincial Museum has over 200,000 valued artifacts, making it one of the leading museums in China.
  • Jiqing Street is known for its multitude of roadside restaurants and street performers during the evening. 

Facts about Wuhan

Population      10,100,000
Size (km²)8,494
Life expectancy79 years
GDP per capita$8,405

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