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About Tainan

Tainan City, is a city in southern Taiwan. It is the oldest city in Taiwan, governed as a special municipality. Tainan faces the Taiwan Strait in the west and south. Tainan was initially established by the Dutch East India Companyas a ruling and trading base called Fort Zeelandia during the period of Dutch rule on Taiwan. Historically it has been regarded as one of the oldest cities in Taiwan, and its former name, Tayouan, has been claimed to be the origin of the name "Taiwan". It is also one of Taiwan's cultural capitals, for its rich folk cultures including the famous local snack food, extensively preserved Taoist rites and other living local traditions covering everything from child birth to funerals. 

Following the establishment of the Southern Taiwan Science Park in 1995, the outskirt of the city saw a rapid growth in population through the 2000s. The city became more prosperous after the completion of several major transport infrastructure plans. The city has been a major center for the Taiwan pro-­‐independent movement since the end of Japanese rule.

Tainan has a subtropical climate unlike the rest of southern Taiwan, Tainan is the only city of Southern Taiwan that has a subtropical climate mostly due to Tainan's northernly location. Still, the city is characterized by year‐round high temperatures (although temperatures do dip somewhat in the winter months), with a rainy season (April to September) and a dry season (October to March). Average temperatures range from 17.6 C in January to 29.2 C in July, with an annual mean of 24.3 C.

Interesting facts

  • Popular nickname: ‘the Phoenix City’ 
  • Tainan has more Buddhist and Taoist temples than any other city in Taiwan
  • Very few buildings are more than 5 or 6 stories in height.  

Top three activities

  • The biggest and most famous night market, the Garden Night Market. There are tons of food stalls and game booths. 
  • Mangrove reserves: Tainan is located near a mangrove, which serves as a migrating ground for the rare black-­faced spoonbill. Trips to these reserves can be arranged through a local expat group. 
  • The ruins of Anping Fort, which was occupied by the Dutch in 1624 and named ‘Fort Zeelandia’. Its commanding views of the ocean make it a popular place to watch the sunset. 

Facts about Tainan

Population      1,876,000
Size (km²)2,191

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